Common Cardiac Problems

When the heart suddenly loses its ability to function correctly it commonly is known to have gone into a cardiac arrest. There are several causes of cardiac arrest with coronary heart disease being one of the most common but there are other types of common cardiac problems as well that pose a threat to many Americans every year.

Cardiac problems such as heart disease is the leading cause of death in both men and women in the United States killing more people than all types of cancer. Like any other type of disease that may be developing within an individual, there can be many factors that contribute to several cardiac problems, however, they all share the same characteristic of stopping the heart from pumping blood correctly.

It should be noted that if the heart doesn’t work properly then the organs of the human body will not work either. This is from the lack of blood not flowing to the organs reducing their oxygen intake. In the most severe cases when the heart stops functioning completely, death will result. There are several institutions that specialize in combating cardiac problems such as the NYU Cardiac Center in New York. Some of the common types of cardiac creating problems include coronary artery disease, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, aneurysms, and cardiomyopathy.

Coronary artery disease is by far the most common type of problem in the cardiac category and occurs when the arteries become clogged up limiting blood flow and reducing the hearts ability to pump blood. This type of disease is can be formed through family history, poor diet, and high cholesterol.

Congenital heart disease is a form of cardiac problem that begins at birth. It causes problems such as holes that form in the heart, the aorta becoming thinner or causing malformation of the heart itself.

Congestive heart failure takes place when the heart can no longer pump enough blood. This is not an indication of the heart shutting down but rather not performing at its full potential. However, when the fluids do begin to build up, congestive heart failure can lead to other diseases such as coronary disease.

Another condition known as an aneurysm, is a weakness in a vein or artery that will often appear as a bulge in the vessel wall. When an aneurysm ruptures it can lead to fatal bleeding. Aneurysms can also occur in other parts of the body as well such as the brain and abdomen.

Cardiomyopathy occurs when the heart muscle becomes enlarged and inflamed, causing it not to work properly. It can be caused by high blood pressure of the result of a virus, heart congenital disease, heart attack or heart valve disease.